The entire scientific community is agree about how many serious damages have caused by smoking to our body, but more often smokers used to underestimate the effective risks they can come across. Basically I’m not that kind of person who wants to look as a conventional person, I’m totally to the other side, but in my opinion the smoking pleasure is nothing compared to the caused damages and the amount of money smokers are going to spend.
Below are listed some, but not all of the negative effects that smoking impact produces to our body.
Skin, nails and hair
Some of the more obvious signs of smoking involve the skin and the hair. The substances in tobacco smoke actually change the structure of your skin. Smoking causes skin discoloration, wrinkles, and premature aging. The aging process is determinated by the chemical substances of the smoke and also by a general devastation that smoking causes to your health. Your fingernails and the skin on your fingers may have yellow staining from holding cigarettes. Smokers usually develop yellow or brown stains on their teeth. Hair holds on to the smell of tobacco long after you put your cigarette out and this bad smell it even clings to secondhand smokers.
One of the ingredients in tobacco is a mood-altering drug called nicotine. Nicotine is able to reaches your brain in mere seconds that’s why smokers feel satisfied on each puff of cigarette. Nicotine is a central nervous system stimulant, so it makes you feel more energized for a little while but as that effect subsides, you feel tired and crave more nicotine which means you need to smoke more and this process generates habit forming.
Digestive system issues
Smoke can weaken substantially your sense of taste and sense of smell, so food may become less enjoyable, but other than that, smokers are at great risk of developing oral problems. Tobacco use can cause gum inflammation (gingivitis) or infection (periodontitis). These problems can lead to tooth decay, tooth loss, and bad breath, smoking also increases risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx, and esophagus. Smokers have higher rates of kidney cancer and pancreatic cancer. Even cigar smokers who don’t inhale are at increased risk of mouth cancer. It is extremely important to remark that passive smokers can come across the same risks of active smokers.
Smoking is vasoconstrictor. A restricted blood flow can affect a man’s ability to get an erection and so his sexual life can be definetely compromized. Both men and women who smoke may have difficulty achieving orgasm and are at higher risk of infertility. Women who smoke may experience menopause at an earlier age than nonsmoking women.
Pregnant women who are exposed to passive smoke are also more likely to have a baby with low birth weight like babies born to mothers who smoke while pregnant are at greater risk of low birth weight, birth defects, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Newborns who breathe secondhand smoke suffer more ear infections and asthma attacks.
Smoking is one of many factors including weight, alcohol consumption, and activity level that increase your risk for osteoporosis, a condition in which bones weaken and become more likely to fracture. For sure there is a direct relationship between tobacco use and decreased bone density. A significant bone loss has been found in older women and men who smoke. Quitting smoking appears to reduce the risk for low bone mass and fractures. However, it may take several years to lower a former smoker’s risk. In addition, smoking from an early age puts both sex but especially women at even higher risk for osteoporosis and this because smoking lowers the level of the hormone estrogen in your body boosting your risk for osteoporosis.
Lungs and respiratory system
When you inhale smoke, you’re breathing in substances that seriously damage your lungs. Over time, your lungs lose their ability to filter harmful chemicals and unfortunately the natural coughing action can’t clear out the toxins sufficiently, so these toxins get trapped in the lungs. Smokers have a higher risk of respiratory infections, colds, and flu and of course lung cancer. There are many other diseases derived by smoking. Emphysema is a condition in which the walls between the air sacs in your lungs lose their ability to stretch and shrink back. Your lung tissue is destroyed, making it difficult or impossible to breathe. Chronic bronchitis is another disease caused by smoking, which causes swelling of the lining of your bronchial tubes. When this happens, less air flows to and from your lungs.
Heart and cardiovascular system
Smoking damages your entire cardiovascular system. When nicotine hits your body it gives your blood sugar a boost, it can also causes blood vessels to tighten as mentioned above, which restricts the flow of blood (peripheral artery disease). Smoking lowers good cholesterol levels and raises blood pressure, which can result in stretching of the arteries and a buildup of bad cholesterol (atherosclerosis). Smoking raises the risk of forming blood clots. Listed below some of the main and serious diseases caused by smoking to your heart and cardiovascular system.
Atherosclerosis, a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up in your arteries, aneurysms, which are bulging blood vessels that can burst and cause death, cardiovascular disease like heart attack and damage to your arteries, heart-related chest pain, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, where platelets components in the blood stick together along with proteins for form clots which can then get stuck in the plaque in the walls of arteries and cause heart attacks, peripheral arterial disease, a condition in which plaque builds up in the arteries that carry blood to the head, organs, and limbs, stroke, which is sudden death of brain cells caused by blood clots or bleeding.